Professor Teiser has received research fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS), the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange, and Princeton University. He started teaching at Princeton in 1988; before that he held teaching positions at Middlebury College and the University of Southern California. In 1996 he was Visiting Associate Professor in the Quatrième Section (Sciences Historiques et Philologiques) of the École pratique des Hautes Études (Paris). He works closely with scholars in mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, and Europe.
The Tibet Site Seminar was a four-year project designed for Ph.D. students in the fields of Art History and Buddhist Studies. Under Professor Teiser's direction, an international faculty from different disciplines taught twelve students in central and western Tibet for one month in the summer of 2007. A public conference presenting graduate student research was held in March of 2008. Teiser secured funding for the project from the Henry Luce Foundation, the Silkroad Foundation, the E. Rhodes and Leona B. Carpenter Foundation, and several programs and centers at Princeton University.
Stephen F. Teiser is active in several publication projects in the field of Asian religion. He is the Chief Editor of the book series entitled Buddhisms (beginning in 1998), sponsored by Princeton University Press and University of California Press, which emphasizes new theoretical approaches and the gleaning of broader lessons from the interpretation of local Buddhist practice. He is also editor of a new series designed to further the teaching of Buddhist literature at the undergraduate level. Entitled Columbia Readings of Buddhist Literature, the series is sponsored by Columbia University Press. The first volume in the series, co-edited by Teiser and Jacqueline I. Stone, is Readings of the Lotus Sūtra (2009).
Teiser is an Honorary Professor at Dharma Drum University (Taipei), and between 2008 and 2010 is Visiting Chair Professor, Institute of History, Capital Normal University (Beijing). In 2008 he was Distinguished Visiting Professor at the International Summer Institute of Seoul National University. At Princeton he currently serves as Director of the Program in East Asian Studies.